Chinese Art During 960-1368 BC- The Song and Yuan Dynasty Paintings
The Song Dynasty, which lasted from 960 up to 1279 BC, was the time where landscape paintings with more delicate expressions starter to surface. Using blurred out outlines, painters were able to express immeasurable optical distances. They had made the contours of mountains to disappear among the mists and an impressionistic action of the natural phenomena was conveyed.
As according to the concept of the Taoist and the Buddhist, you can perceive how the artists of the Song Dynasty has painted and placed emphasis on his artwork’s spiritual quality. By this aspect, the artist was able to let out the inner harmony between nature and man.
A Chinese ancient painter who had lived during the 13th century or the at the time of the Song Dynasty, called himself “ Madman Liang”, had spent his life painting and drinking as well. Then eventually, he had retired from that kind of living and decided to become a Zen Monk. From then on, Liang has been remembered of his effort to invent the Chinese Zen School for arts.
Another painter during the 11th century, Wen Tong, had been noted for his famous artworks on ink paintings of the bamboos. He said to have the ability of holding two paint brushes at a time, one on each of his hands, while he paints 2 distanced bamboos at the same time. While he does his craft, there was no need for him to look at any subjects for the bamboos, because he has been very familiar with these subjects.
During the Yuan Dynasty, a lot of the court artists and literary artists have retreated from their social lives, they decided to return their art concepts back to nature. They have both back the landscape paintings and renewed the green and blue style of what the earlier Tang Dynasty brought.
Among the painters who did so was Wang Meng, he had one of his famous arts called as the Forest Grotto. There was also Zhao Mengfu, a painter as well as a calligrapher during the dynasty of Yuan. This Chinese scholar has rejected the painting style of having very refined and gentle brushworks, while he favored the much cruder style bought by the 8th century dynasty. This has caused to bring about a revolution on the Chinese painting and had created the existence of the modern landscape Chinese paintings today.
Among these painters, there was also the detailed and the vivid artworks of Qian Xuan during the 1235 to 1305 BC, he had served the Song court and has refused to serve the Yuan dynasty out of patriotisms and just turned in to painting. Qian Xuan was also famous in reviving a style that has started on the Tang dynasty paintings.